Responses

All our virtual assessment reports are stored on DesignSafe-CI.

Tennessee Tornadoes Event (March 3, 2020)

Event Date: 03-03-2020
Authors: Jalloul, Hiba; Sanusi, Fehintola; Asaam, Nana Efua Esuon; Hill, Will; Choi, Juyeong; Manheim, Derek; Yesiller, Nazli
Abstract
This virtual assessment report investigated the sustainable materials management of 3 March 2020 Tennessee Tornadoes. In particular, this report provided an overview of the planning and guidelines for disaster debris in the disaster-affected areas, along with the level of preparedness. Next, the characteristics of the generated debris, in terms of types and quantity, were estimated using the I-WASTE software. Further, any potential environmental and health hazards related to the generated debris were examined. Existing waste management infrastructure, debris management logistics, and funding mechanisms were reported and analyzed. Finally, the feasibility of post-tornado recycling programs was assessed, and recommendations that facilitate recovery and reuse of disaster generated materials were reported.

Midland Michigan Flood Event (May 20-21, 2020)

Event Date: 05-20-2020 ― 05-21-2020
Authors: Manheim, Derek; Yesiller, Nazli
Abstract
This virtual assessment report examined important characteristics of the Midland flood event focusing on the sustainable management of generated disaster debris and waste materials. Strategies and activities to improve the recycling and reuse of waste materials prior to and following the Midland flood event were highlighted in this report. The scope of this report was limited to the disaster affected areas of Midland and Saginaw counties. First, the significance of this disaster event, including the overall socio-economic impacts, the response and recovery efforts, and critical characteristics of the disaster event, were reviewed. Next, the existing disaster debris management plans were analyzed in detail to ascertain the expected roles and responsibilities of state and local jurisdictions in disaster planning, response, and recovery activities. Debris generated from the disaster affected areas, including the quantity and composition, were estimated using available software such as HAZUS-MH and I-WASTE. Estimates of debris quantity and composition were compared to field observations obtained from available sources. Major debris disposal pathways utilized by state and local agencies and impacts on existing waste management infrastructure were identified and assessed. Finally, opportunities, potential challenges, and recommendations for recovery and reuse of the disaster debris materials generated from this event were evaluated and reported.

Hurricane Laura Event (August 27, 2020)

Event Date: 08-27-2020
Authors: Jalloul, Hiba; Hill, Will; Sanusi, Fehintola; Choi, Juyeong; Manheim, Derek; Yesiller, Nazli 
Abstract:
The first product of SUMMER’s efforts to research the sustainable materials management of 27 August 2020 Hurricane Laura is this Virtual Assessment Report which is intended to: (1) investigate the pre-disaster debris management plans and guidelines in the state of Louisiana; (2) characterize the debris generated from the hurricane-affected parishes in Louisiana, including the quantity and composition, using the HAZUS-MH software; (3) compare and contrast estimates of debris generation with reported field observations obtained from available sources; (4) identify and assess the major debris disposal pathways utilized by local and state agencies; and (5) identify the root causes that might limit the recovery and reuse of the disaster generated debris along with their recommended mitigation strategies. 

Surfside Building Collapse Event (June 24, 2021)

Event Date: 06-24-2021
AuthorsAlshami, Ahmad; Jalloul, Hiba; Merrick, David; Hart, Laura; Choi, Juyeong; Manheim, Derek; Yesiller, Nazli 
Abstract:
This virtual assessment report documented and investigated the debris and waste management practices taking place following the 24 June 2021 Surfside Building Collapse. First, an overview of the pre-disaster planning and guidelines for disaster debris, along with the level of preparedness, of Miami-Dade County, was presented. Next, the characteristics of the generated debris, in terms of types and quantities, were estimated using the I-WASTE tool and compared with field reports of debris collected. Actual debris management operations, as well as any issues encountered, were reported and assessed. Finally, recommendations were given for better incorporating and establishing sustainable debris management practices as a new paradigm following anthropogenic disaster events.

Hurricane Ida Event (August 29, 2021)

Event Date: 08-29-2021
Authors: Alshami, Ahmad; Jalloul, Hiba; Nickdoost, Navid; Khaled, Md Faiaz; Kameshwar, Sabarethinam; Wu, Shenghua; Choi, Juyeong
Abstract:
This virtual assessment report examined the management of the debris and waste materials resulting from Hurricane Ida, occurring on August 29, 2021, in Louisiana, with a specific focus on recycling and reuse. First, a comprehensive overview of the disaster event was presented. Subsequently, existing pre-disaster debris management plans and guidelines in the state of Louisiana were summarized. Next, the characteristics of the generated debris, in terms of types and quantities, were estimated using the HAZUS-MH tool and compared with field reports of collected debris. Debris removal operations and relevant funding mechanisms were reported and assessed. Lastly, recommendations were formulated to address the current barriers to and increase the implementation of sustainable debris management practices in Louisiana.